Large Scale Markov Decision Processes with Changing Rewards

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Adrian Rivera Cardoso, He Wang, Huan Xu


We consider Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) where the rewards are unknown and may change in an adversarial manner. We provide an algorithm that achieves a regret bound of $O( \sqrt{\tau (\ln|S|+\ln|A|)T}\ln(T))$, where $S$ is the state space, $A$ is the action space, $\tau$ is the mixing time of the MDP, and $T$ is the number of periods. The algorithm's computational complexity is polynomial in $|S|$ and $|A|$. We then consider a setting often encountered in practice, where the state space of the MDP is too large to allow for exact solutions. By approximating the state-action occupancy measures with a linear architecture of dimension $d\ll|S|$, we propose a modified algorithm with a computational complexity polynomial in $d$ and independent of $|S|$. We also prove a regret bound for this modified algorithm, which to the best of our knowledge, is the first $\tilde{O}(\sqrt{T})$ regret bound in the large-scale MDP setting with adversarially changing rewards.