A Nonconvex Approach for Exact and Efficient Multichannel Sparse Blind Deconvolution

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Qing Qu, Xiao Li, Zhihui Zhu


We study the multi-channel sparse blind deconvolution (MCS-BD) problem, whose task is to simultaneously recover a kernel $\mathbf a$ and multiple sparse inputs $\{\mathbf x_i\}_{i=1}^p$ from their circulant convolution $\mathbf y_i = \mb a \circledast \mb x_i $ ($i=1,\cdots,p$). We formulate the task as a nonconvex optimization problem over the sphere. Under mild statistical assumptions of the data, we prove that the vanilla Riemannian gradient descent (RGD) method, with random initializations, provably recovers both the kernel $\mathbf a$ and the signals $\{\mathbf x_i\}_{i=1}^p$ up to a signed shift ambiguity. In comparison with state-of-the-art results, our work shows significant improvements in terms of sample complexity and computational efficiency. Our theoretical results are corroborated by numerical experiments, which demonstrate superior performance of the proposed approach over the previous methods on both synthetic and real datasets.