On the Expected Complexity of Maxout Networks

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 (NeurIPS 2021)

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Hanna Tseran, Guido F. Montufar


Learning with neural networks relies on the complexity of their representable functions, but more importantly, their particular assignment of typical parameters to functions of different complexity. Taking the number of activation regions as a complexity measure, recent works have shown that the practical complexity of deep ReLU networks is often far from the theoretical maximum. In this work, we show that this phenomenon also occurs in networks with maxout (multi-argument) activation functions and when considering the decision boundaries in classification tasks. We also show that the parameter space has a multitude of full-dimensional regions with widely different complexity, and obtain nontrivial lower bounds on the expected complexity. Finally, we investigate different parameter initialization procedures and show that they can increase the speed of convergence in training.