Optimal Unbiased Randomizers for Regression with Label Differential Privacy

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper


Ashwinkumar Badanidiyuru Varadaraja, Badih Ghazi, Pritish Kamath, Ravi Kumar, Ethan Leeman, Pasin Manurangsi, Avinash V Varadarajan, Chiyuan Zhang


We propose a new family of label randomizers for training regression models under the constraint of label differential privacy (DP). In particular, we leverage the trade-offs between bias and variance to construct better label randomizers depending on a privately estimated prior distribution over the labels. We demonstrate that these randomizers achieve state-of-the-art privacy-utility trade-offs on several datasets, highlighting the importance of reducing bias when training neural networks with label DP. We also provide theoretical results shedding light on the structural properties of the optimal unbiased randomizers.