Deep Patch Visual Odometry

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper Supplemental


Zachary Teed, Lahav Lipson, Jia Deng


We propose Deep Patch Visual Odometry (DPVO), a new deep learning system for monocular Visual Odometry (VO). DPVO uses a novel recurrent network architecture designed for tracking image patches across time. Recent approaches to VO have significantly improved the state-of-the-art accuracy by using deep networks to predict dense flow between video frames. However, using dense flow incurs a large computational cost, making these previous methods impractical for many use cases. Despite this, it has been assumed that dense flow is important as it provides additional redundancy against incorrect matches. DPVO disproves this assumption, showing that it is possible to get the best accuracy and efficiency by exploiting the advantages of sparse patch-based matching over dense flow. DPVO introduces a novel recurrent update operator for patch based correspondence coupled with differentiable bundle adjustment. On Standard benchmarks, DPVO outperforms all prior work, including the learning-based state-of-the-art VO-system (DROID) using a third of the memory while running 3x faster on average. Code is available at