PHOTOSWAP: Personalized Subject Swapping in Images

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper Supplemental


Jing Gu, Yilin Wang, Nanxuan Zhao, Tsu-Jui Fu, Wei Xiong, Qing Liu, Zhifei Zhang, HE Zhang, Jianming Zhang, HyunJoon Jung, Xin Eric Wang


In an era where images and visual content dominate our digital landscape, the ability to manipulate and personalize these images has become a necessity.Envision seamlessly substituting a tabby cat lounging on a sunlit window sill in a photograph with your own playful puppy, all while preserving the original charm and composition of the image. We present \emph{Photoswap}, a novel approach that enables this immersive image editing experience through personalized subject swapping in existing images.\emph{Photoswap} first learns the visual concept of the subject from reference images and then swaps it into the target image using pre-trained diffusion models in a training-free manner. We establish that a well-conceptualized visual subject can be seamlessly transferred to any image with appropriate self-attention and cross-attention manipulation, maintaining the pose of the swapped subject and the overall coherence of the image. Comprehensive experiments underscore the efficacy and controllability of \emph{Photoswap} in personalized subject swapping. Furthermore, \emph{Photoswap} significantly outperforms baseline methods in human ratings across subject swapping, background preservation, and overall quality, revealing its vast application potential, from entertainment to professional editing.