BioMassters: A Benchmark Dataset for Forest Biomass Estimation using Multi-modal Satellite Time-series

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Datasets and Benchmarks Track

Bibtex Paper Supplemental


Andrea Nascetti, Ritu Yadav, Kirill Brodt, Qixun Qu, Hongwei Fan, Yuri Shendryk, Isha Shah, Christine Chung


Above Ground Biomass is an important variable as forests play a crucial role in mitigating climate change as they act as an efficient, natural and cost-effective carbon sink. Traditional field and airborne LiDAR measurements have been proven to provide reliable estimations of forest biomass. Nevertheless, the use of these techniques at a large scale can be challenging and expensive. Satellite data have been widely used as a valuable tool in estimating biomass on a global scale. However, the full potential of dense multi-modal satellite time series data, in combination with modern deep learning approaches, has yet to be fully explored. The aim of the "BioMassters" data challenge and benchmark dataset is to investigate the potential of multi-modal satellite data (Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 MSI) to estimate forest biomass at a large scale using the Finnish Forest Centre's open forest and nature airborne LiDAR data as a reference. The performance of the top three baseline models shows the potential of deep learning to produce accurate and higher-resolution biomass maps. Our benchmark dataset is publically available at (doi:10.57967/hf/1009) and the implementation of the top three winning models are available at