ImageReward: Learning and Evaluating Human Preferences for Text-to-Image Generation

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper


Jiazheng Xu, Xiao Liu, Yuchen Wu, Yuxuan Tong, Qinkai Li, Ming Ding, Jie Tang, Yuxiao Dong


We present a comprehensive solution to learn and improve text-to-image models from human preference feedback.To begin with, we build ImageReward---the first general-purpose text-to-image human preference reward model---to effectively encode human preferences.Its training is based on our systematic annotation pipeline including rating and ranking, which collects 137k expert comparisons to date.In human evaluation, ImageReward outperforms existing scoring models and metrics, making it a promising automatic metric for evaluating text-to-image synthesis.On top of it, we propose Reward Feedback Learning (ReFL), a direct tuning algorithm to optimize diffusion models against a scorer.Both automatic and human evaluation support ReFL's advantages over compared methods.All code and datasets are provided at \url{}.