Information-constrained optimization: can adaptive processing of gradients help?

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 (NeurIPS 2021)

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Jayadev Acharya, Clement Canonne, Prathamesh Mayekar, Himanshu Tyagi


We revisit first-order optimization under local information constraints such as local privacy, gradient quantization, and computational constraints limiting access to a few coordinates of the gradient. In this setting, the optimization algorithm is not allowed to directly access the complete output of the gradient oracle, but only gets limited information about it subject to the local information constraints. We study the role of adaptivity in processing the gradient output to obtain this limited information from it, and obtain tight or nearly tight bounds for both convex and strongly convex optimization when adaptive gradient processing is allowed.