Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)
Mikhail Khodak, Maria-Florina F. Balcan, Ameet S. Talwalkar
We build a theoretical framework for designing and understanding practical meta-learning methods that integrates sophisticated formalizations of task-similarity with the extensive literature on online convex optimization and sequential prediction algorithms. Our approach enables the task-similarity to be learned adaptively, provides sharper transfer-risk bounds in the setting of statistical learning-to-learn, and leads to straightforward derivations of average-case regret bounds for efficient algorithms in settings where the task-environment changes dynamically or the tasks share a certain geometric structure. We use our theory to modify several popular meta-learning algorithms and improve their training and meta-test-time performance on standard problems in few-shot and federated learning.