Multiple Choice Learning: Learning to Produce Multiple Structured Outputs

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 25 (NIPS 2012)

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Abner Guzmán-rivera, Dhruv Batra, Pushmeet Kohli


The paper addresses the problem of generating multiple hypotheses for prediction tasks that involve interaction with users or successive components in a cascade. Given a set of multiple hypotheses, such components/users have the ability to automatically rank the results and thus retrieve the best one. The standard approach for handling this scenario is to learn a single model and then produce M-best Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) hypotheses from this model. In contrast, we formulate this multiple {\em choice} learning task as a multiple-output structured-output prediction problem with a loss function that captures the natural setup of the problem. We present a max-margin formulation that minimizes an upper-bound on this loss-function. Experimental results on the problems of image co-segmentation and protein side-chain prediction show that our method outperforms conventional approaches used for this scenario and leads to substantial improvements in prediction accuracy.