Gradient Weights help Nonparametric Regressors

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 25 (NIPS 2012)

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Samory Kpotufe, Abdeslam Boularias


In regression problems over $\real^d$, the unknown function $f$ often varies more in some coordinates than in others. We show that weighting each coordinate $i$ with the estimated norm of the $i$th derivative of $f$ is an efficient way to significantly improve the performance of distance-based regressors, e.g. kernel and $k$-NN regressors. We propose a simple estimator of these derivative norms and prove its consistency. Moreover, the proposed estimator is efficiently learned online.