Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 20 (NIPS 2007)
Yee Teh, Kenichi Kurihara, Max Welling
A wide variety of Dirichlet-multinomial ‘topic’ models have found interesting ap- plications in recent years. While Gibbs sampling remains an important method of inference in such models, variational techniques have certain advantages such as easy assessment of convergence, easy optimization without the need to maintain detailed balance, a bound on the marginal likelihood, and side-stepping of issues with topic-identiﬁability. The most accurate variational technique thus far, namely collapsed variational latent Dirichlet allocation, did not deal with model selection nor did it include inference for hyperparameters. We address both issues by gen- eralizing the technique, obtaining the ﬁrst variational algorithm to deal with the hierarchical Dirichlet process and to deal with hyperparameters of Dirichlet vari- ables. Experiments show a signiﬁcant improvement in accuracy.