Automatic Generation of Social Tags for Music Recommendation

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 20 (NIPS 2007)

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Douglas Eck, Paul Lamere, Thierry Bertin-mahieux, Stephen Green


Social tags are user-generated keywords associated with some resource on the Web. In the case of music, social tags have become an important component of Web2.0" recommender systems, allowing users to generate playlists based on use-dependent terms such as "chill" or "jogging" that have been applied to particular songs. In this paper, we propose a method for predicting these social tags directly from MP3 files. Using a set of boosted classifiers, we map audio features onto social tags collected from the Web. The resulting automatic tags (or "autotags") furnish information about music that is otherwise untagged or poorly tagged, allowing for insertion of previously unheard music into a social recommender. This avoids the ''cold-start problem'' common in such systems. Autotags can also be used to smooth the tag space from which similarities and recommendations are made by providing a set of comparable baseline tags for all tracks in a recommender system."