Predicting spike times from subthreshold dynamics of a neuron

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 19 (NIPS 2006)

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Ryota Kobayashi, Shigeru Shinomoto


It has been established that a neuron reproduces highly precise spike response to identical fluctuating input currents. We wish to accurately predict the firing times of a given neuron for any input current. For this purpose we adopt a model that mimics the dynamics of the membrane potential, and then take a cue from its dynamics for predicting the spike occurrence for a novel input current. It is found that the prediction is significantly improved by observing the state space of the membrane potential and its time derivative(s) in advance of a possible spike, in comparison to simply thresholding an instantaneous value of the estimated potential.