Dynamic Bayesian Networks for Brain-Computer Interfaces

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 17 (NIPS 2004)

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Pradeep Shenoy, Rajesh PN Rao


We describe an approach to building brain-computer interfaces (BCI) based on graphical models for probabilistic inference and learning. We show how a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) can be used to infer probability distributions over brain- and body-states during planning and execution of actions. The DBN is learned directly from observed data and allows measured signals such as EEG and EMG to be interpreted in terms of internal states such as intent to move, preparatory activity, and movement execution. Unlike traditional classification-based approaches to BCI, the proposed approach (1) allows continuous tracking and predic- tion of internal states over time, and (2) generates control signals based on an entire probability distribution over states rather than binary yes/no decisions. We present preliminary results of brain- and body-state es- timation using simultaneous EEG and EMG signals recorded during a self-paced left/right hand movement task.