An Information Maximization Approach to Overcomplete and Recurrent Representations

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 13 (NIPS 2000)

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Oren Shriki, Haim Sompolinsky, Daniel Lee


The principle of maximizing mutual information is applied to learning overcomplete and recurrent representations. The underlying model con(cid:173) sists of a network of input units driving a larger number of output units with recurrent interactions. In the limit of zero noise, the network is de(cid:173) terministic and the mutual information can be related to the entropy of the output units. Maximizing this entropy with respect to both the feed(cid:173) forward connections as well as the recurrent interactions results in simple learning rules for both sets of parameters. The conventional independent components (ICA) learning algorithm can be recovered as a special case where there is an equal number of output units and no recurrent con(cid:173) nections. The application of these new learning rules is illustrated on a simple two-dimensional input example.