Experiences with Bayesian Learning in a Real World Application

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10 (NIPS 1997)

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Peter Sykacek, Georg Dorffner, Peter Rappelsberger, Josef Zeitlhofer


This paper reports about an application of Bayes' inferred neu(cid:173) ral network classifiers in the field of automatic sleep staging. The reason for using Bayesian learning for this task is two-fold. First, Bayesian inference is known to embody regularization automati(cid:173) cally. Second, a side effect of Bayesian learning leads to larger variance of network outputs in regions without training data. This results in well known moderation effects, which can be used to detect outliers. In a 5 fold cross-validation experiment the full Bayesian solution found with R. Neals hybrid Monte Carlo algo(cid:173) rithm, was not better than a single maximum a-posteriori (MAP) solution found with D.J. MacKay's evidence approximation. In a second experiment we studied the properties of both solutions in rejecting classification of movement artefacts.

Experiences with Bayesian Learning in a Real World Application