Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 4 (NIPS 1991)
Paul Dean, John Mayhew, Pat Langdon
Accurate saccades require interaction between brainstem circuitry and the cerebeJJum. A model of this interaction is described, based on Kawato's principle of feedback-error-Iearning. In the model a part of the brainstem (the superior colliculus) acts as a simple feedback controJJer with no knowledge of initial eye position, and provides an error signal for the cerebeJJum to correct for eye-muscle nonIinearities. This teaches the cerebeJJum, modelled as a CMAC, to adjust appropriately the gain on the brainstem burst-generator's internal feedback loop and so alter the size of burst sent to the motoneurons. With direction-only errors the system rapidly learns to make accurate horizontal eye movements from any starting position, and adapts realistically to subsequent simulated eye-muscle weakening or displacement of the saccadic target.