Fast Approximate Dynamic Programming for Infinite-Horizon Markov Decision Processes

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 pre-proceedings (NeurIPS 2021)

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Mohamad Amin Sharifi Kolarijani, Gyula Max, Peyman Mohajerin Mohajerin Esfahani


In this study, we consider the infinite-horizon, discounted cost, optimal control of stochastic nonlinear systems with separable cost and constraints in the state and input variables. Using the linear-time Legendre transform, we propose a novel numerical scheme for implementation of the corresponding value iteration (VI) algorithm in the conjugate domain. Detailed analyses of the convergence, time complexity, and error of the proposed algorithm are provided. In particular, with a discretization of size $X$ and $U$ for the state and input spaces, respectively, the proposed approach reduces the time complexity of each iteration in the VI algorithm from $O(XU)$ to $O(X+U)$, by replacing the minimization operation in the primal domain with a simple addition in the conjugate domain.