Understanding Partial Multi-Label Learning via Mutual Information

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 pre-proceedings (NeurIPS 2021)

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Xiuwen Gong, Dong Yuan, Wei Bao


To deal with ambiguities in partial multilabel learning (PML), state-of-the-art methods perform disambiguation by identifying ground-truth labels directly. However, there is an essential question:“Can the ground-truth labels be identified precisely?". If yes, “How can the ground-truth labels be found?". This paper provides affirmative answers to these questions. Instead of adopting hand-made heuristic strategy, we propose a novel Mutual Information Label Identification for Partial Multilabel Learning (MILI-PML), which is derived from a clear probabilistic formulation and could be easily interpreted theoretically from the mutual information perspective, as well as naturally incorporates the feature/label relevancy considerations. Extensive experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets clearly demonstrate the superiorities of the proposed MILI-PML.