#### Unsupervised Joint k-node Graph Representations with Compositional Energy-Based Models

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (NeurIPS 2020)

#### Authors

*Leonardo Cotta, Carlos H. C. Teixeira, Ananthram Swami, Bruno Ribeiro*

#### Abstract

<p>Existing Graph Neural Network (GNN) methods that learn <em>inductive unsupervised</em> graph representations focus on learning node and edge representations by predicting observed edges in the graph. Although such approaches have shown advances in downstream node classification tasks, they are ineffective in jointly representing larger k-node sets, k{>}2. We propose MHM-GNN, an inductive unsupervised graph representation approach that combines joint k-node representations with energy-based models (hypergraph Markov networks) and GNNs. To address the intractability of the loss that arises from this combination, we endow our optimization with a loss upper bound using a finite-sample unbiased Markov Chain Monte Carlo estimator. Our experiments show that the unsupervised joint k-node representations of MHM-GNN produce better unsupervised representations than existing approaches from the literature.</p>