Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (NeurIPS 2020)
Siyuan Shan, Yang Li, Junier B. Oliva
Making an adaptive prediction based on input is an important ability for general artificial intelligence. In this work, we step forward in this direction and propose a semi-parametric method, Meta-Neighborhoods, where predictions are made adaptively to the neighborhood of the input. We show that Meta-Neighborhoods is a generalization of k-nearest-neighbors. Due to the simpler manifold structure around a local neighborhood, Meta-Neighborhoods represent the predictive distribution p(y | x) more accurately. To reduce memory and computation overheads, we propose induced neighborhoods that summarize the training data into a much smaller dictionary. A meta-learning based training mechanism is then exploited to jointly learn the induced neighborhoods and the model. Extensive studies demonstrate the superiority of our method.