Training Image Estimators without Image Ground Truth

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Zhihao Xia, Ayan Chakrabarti


Deep neural networks have been very successful in compressive-sensing and image restoration applications, as a means to estimate images from partial, blurry, or otherwise degraded measurements. These networks are trained on a large number of corresponding pairs of measurements and ground-truth images, and thus implicitly learn to exploit domain-specific image statistics. But unlike measurement data, it is often expensive or impractical to collect a large training set of ground-truth images in many application settings. In this paper, we introduce an unsupervised framework for training image estimation networks, from a training set that contains only measurements---with two varied measurements per image---but no ground-truth for the full images desired as output. We demonstrate that our framework can be applied for both regular and blind image estimation tasks, where in the latter case parameters of the measurement model (e.g., the blur kernel) are unknown: during inference, and potentially, also during training. We evaluate our framework for training networks for compressive-sensing and blind deconvolution, considering both non-blind and blind training for the latter. Our framework yields models that are nearly as accurate as those from fully supervised training, despite not having access to any ground-truth images.