## Trading off Mistakes and Don't-Know Predictions

Part of: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 23 (NIPS 2010)

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### Abstract

We discuss an online learning framework in which the agent is allowed to say ``I don't know'' as well as making incorrect predictions on given examples. We analyze the trade off between saying ``I don't know'' and making mistakes. If the number of don't know predictions is forced to be zero, the model reduces to the well-known mistake-bound model introduced by Littlestone [Lit88]. On the other hand, if no mistakes are allowed, the model reduces to KWIK framework introduced by Li et. al. [LLW08]. We propose a general, though inefficient, algorithm for general finite concept classes that minimizes the number of don't-know predictions if a certain number of mistakes are allowed. We then present specific polynomial-time algorithms for the concept classes of monotone disjunctions and linear separators.